STEP TWO - INDOOR TREATMENT
Indoor treatments for fleas involve several steps:
- Remove all items off the floor. These include toys, feeding bowls, pillows, etc.
- Remove all items from under beds and other furniture, and off closet floors.
- Vacuum all floors and furniture. This process will remove most fleas in all the various life cycle stages as well as cause vibrations that will cause the fleas to emerge from their pupal stages. This is important because no pesticides are available that will penetrate the pupal cocoon. Once done, the vacuum bags needs to be removed, sealed in a plastic garbage bag, and disposed of in the outside garbage. This needs to be done right away to prevent the fleas from getting out.
- Thoroughly clean all areas frequented by pests, including pet bedding. If bedding cannot be cleaned, then it should be replaced with new bedding.
- Aquariums - The pumps should be turned off and the aquariums covered.
- All pets need to be removed, including pet birds.
- Treatment - The application of an appropriately labeled liquid pesticide, which usually is a pyrethrum or pyrethriod based insecticide with an Insect Growth Regulator included, should be thorough. Every floor space, especially all carpeting, should be sprayed. The furniture should be sprayed. Only furniture where prolonged contact with skin, like beds, should not be treated. Care should be taken not to step on already treated areas. Therefore, you should work from the farthest point away from the door and, like painting the floor, work your way to the door.
- For major infestations, you may want to consider aerosol treatment (called bombs) along with the liquid spray treatment. This will cause a faster "knock down" of adult fleas. Care should be taken to properly calculate the "cubic footage" of the house in order to get the correct amount of pesticide. Also, breathing the gases can be harmful. Do the entire liquid treatment first, set the canisters per the label instruction, and quickly spray where your footsteps were on the way back to the door.
- Once treatment is done, you should stay out of the house for 3 - 5 hours, or until the treatment has completely dried.
- Upon returning, you should again vacuum every area of the floor. This will cause any fleas in their pupal cocoons to emerge and come in contact with the residual pesticide from treatment. The homeowner should also vacuum several more times over the next 7 - 10 days.